What Is Guerrilla Gardening, And Can I Participate On My Balcony?

Imagine transforming your small urban balcony into a lush green sanctuary, while also being a part of a global movement. That’s the essence of guerrilla gardening – an exciting trend where individuals take it upon themselves to beautify neglected public spaces with plants and flowers. But what about those of us who don’t have access to a garden? Can we also join in? The answer is a resounding yes, as guerrilla gardening has expanded its reach to include balconies and other confined spaces. In this article, we’ll explore what exactly guerrilla gardening entails and how you can unleash your inner green thumb even with limited space. Get ready to bring life and color to your balcony while making a positive impact on your community!

What Is Guerrilla Gardening, And Can I Participate On My Balcony?

What is Guerrilla Gardening?

The definition of guerrilla gardening

Guerrilla gardening is a grassroots movement that involves gardening on unused or neglected land without permission. It is a way for individuals to take control of their environment and make positive changes in their community.

The history of guerrilla gardening

The term “guerrilla gardening” was coined by Liz Christy and her Green Guerrillas in New York City in the 1970s. They transformed a vacant lot into a community garden, inspiring others to follow suit. Since then, guerrilla gardening has gained momentum worldwide, with individuals and groups organizing and taking action to beautify their cities.

The goals of guerrilla gardening

The goals of guerrilla gardening vary, but they often include beautifying urban areas, increasing access to fresh produce, improving biodiversity, and fostering a sense of community. It is a form of activism that empowers individuals to make a positive impact on their surroundings.

Benefits of Guerrilla Gardening

Environmental benefits

Guerrilla gardening has numerous environmental benefits. By converting neglected spaces into lush gardens, it helps combat urban heat islands and reduce air pollution. Plants also absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, contributing to cleaner air. Additionally, guerrilla gardening promotes biodiversity by providing habitats for insects, birds, and other wildlife.

Social benefits

Guerrilla gardening has social benefits that go beyond beautification. It brings people together, fostering a sense of community and pride in their neighborhood. It encourages social interaction and cooperation, as people work together to create and maintain the gardens. It also provides opportunities for education and skill-sharing, as gardeners exchange knowledge and techniques.

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Personal benefits

Participating in guerrilla gardening can bring personal benefits as well. It offers a chance to reconnect with nature and engage in physical activity. Gardening has been shown to reduce stress, improve mental health, and enhance overall well-being. It provides a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction, as participants see their efforts transform abandoned spaces into thriving gardens.

What Is Guerrilla Gardening, And Can I Participate On My Balcony?

Types of Guerrilla Gardening

Seed bombing

Seed bombing is a popular technique in guerrilla gardening. It involves creating small clay balls or seed-filled containers that are thrown or placed in barren areas. The seeds encapsulated within the clay or container then germinate and grow, bringing life to previously neglected spaces. Seed bombing is an effective way to quickly cover large areas and introduce native plants.

Guerrilla turfing

Guerrilla turfing involves laying rolls of turf or planting grass seeds in areas where grass is sparse or nonexistent. It is commonly used to transform bare patches of land into green spaces. Guerrilla turfing often takes place in urban areas where access to green spaces is limited. By adding grass, it creates a visually appealing environment that improves the aesthetics of the neighborhood.

Guerrilla cultivation

Guerrilla cultivation refers to the act of planting and growing vegetables, fruits, or herbs in public spaces without permission. These gardens can be found in abandoned lots, sidewalks, or even in the median strips of roads. Guerrilla cultivation aims to promote food security and accessibility, allowing people to have access to fresh produce, even in urban environments. It is a way to reclaim unused spaces and turn them into productive areas.

How to Participate in Guerrilla Gardening

Finding suitable locations

When participating in guerrilla gardening, it is important to find suitable locations for your gardening efforts. Look for neglected or unused spaces in your community that could benefit from some greenery. Consider areas with little to no maintenance, such as vacant lots, sidewalk edges, traffic islands, or tree pits.

Choosing the right plants

When selecting plants for guerrilla gardening, choose native or adaptive species that are well-suited to the local climate and conditions. These plants are more likely to thrive and require less maintenance. Select plants that are visually appealing and that will add color and vibrancy to the urban landscape.

Securing permission

While guerrilla gardening typically involves gardening without permission, it is important to consider the legal implications. Before embarking on any guerrilla gardening project, it is advisable to research local laws and regulations. Some cities may have specific rules regarding public planting. If needed, seek permission from the relevant authorities or involve local community organizations to ensure your project aligns with legal requirements.

Assembling necessary tools

To participate in guerrilla gardening, you will need some basic gardening tools. These include a small hand trowel, a watering can or a hose, gardening gloves, and possibly a wheelbarrow or containers for transporting soil and plants. It may also be helpful to have some compost or fertilizer to enrich the soil in your guerrilla gardening locations.

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What Is Guerrilla Gardening, And Can I Participate On My Balcony?

Challenges and Risks of Guerrilla Gardening

Legal issues

One of the main challenges of guerrilla gardening is the legal uncertainty surrounding the use of public spaces for non-sanctioned gardening. While many cities have embraced guerrilla gardening and even have specific policies to support it, others may view it as trespassing or vandalism. To mitigate legal risks, it is crucial to research local regulations and potentially seek permission or work with local authorities.

Maintenance difficulties

Maintaining guerrilla gardens can be challenging, especially if the sites are not easily accessible or require ongoing care. Watering and maintaining the plants regularly can be time-consuming, and neglecting them may result in the garden becoming overgrown or dying. Consider the long-term commitment and be prepared to rally a team or involve the local community to assist with maintenance.

Community backlash

In some cases, guerrilla gardening may face resistance or backlash from the local community. Some people may view it as unauthorized use of public space, while others may question the maintenance or aesthetic choices. It is important to communicate the goals and benefits of guerrilla gardening to the community, addressing any concerns and involving them in the process to build support and avoid potential conflicts.

Guerrilla Gardening on Balconies

Is it possible?

Yes, guerrilla gardening can also be done on balconies or other small urban spaces. While traditional guerrilla gardening mainly focuses on unused public land, balcony gardening brings the movement to a personal level, allowing individuals to contribute to their environment directly.

Advantages of balcony guerrilla gardening

Balcony guerrilla gardening offers several advantages. It allows individuals who may not have access to public land to still be part of the guerrilla gardening movement. It transforms otherwise underutilized spaces into green and productive areas. Balcony gardens can also provide privacy, reduce noise, and improve air quality in urban apartments.

Tips for balcony gardening

To start balcony guerrilla gardening, consider the size and weight limitations of the balcony. Use lightweight containers and hanging baskets to maximize space. Choose plants that are suitable for the amount of sunlight your balcony receives and ensure proper drainage. Utilize vertical gardening techniques, such as trellises or hanging pots, to optimize space. Regularly water and fertilize your plants to ensure their health and well-being.

Famous Guerrilla Gardening Projects

The Green Guerrillas in New York City

Founded in 1973 by Liz Christy, The Green Guerrillas in New York City transformed a vacant lot in lower Manhattan into a flourishing community garden. This project served as an inspiration for future guerrilla gardening initiatives worldwide. The Green Guerrillas continue to be active, advocating for community gardens, greening public spaces, and promoting environmental awareness.

The Banana Guerrillas in London

The Banana Guerrillas in London gained recognition for their unique approach to guerrilla gardening. They created portable, self-watering planters made from reclaimed materials, shaped like bananas. These planters were placed in various public spaces, bringing greenery and smiles to the city streets. The Banana Guerrillas aimed to challenge the traditional notions of gardening and make it accessible to all.

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Sidewalk Gardens in Los Angeles

Sidewalk Gardens is a well-known guerrilla gardening project in Los Angeles. Started in 2013, it focuses on transforming unused sidewalk spaces into vibrant gardens. The project encourages people to take ownership of the public spaces in front of their homes, creating beautiful gardens that enhance the neighborhood. Sidewalk Gardens aims to build stronger communities and promote environmental sustainability.

Impact of Guerrilla Gardening

Improving urban landscapes

One of the significant impacts of guerrilla gardening is the transformation of urban landscapes. Through the creation of green spaces, otherwise neglected areas become visually appealing and welcoming. The gardens not only enhance the aesthetics but also contribute to the overall livability of cities, making them more enjoyable and healthier places to live.

Promoting sustainability

Guerrilla gardening promotes sustainability by repurposing and reclaiming unused spaces. It reduces the reliance on traditional gardening methods and resources, as guerrilla gardeners often utilize recycled materials and sustainable gardening practices. The cultivation of edible plants also promotes local food production and reduces the carbon footprint associated with long supply chains.

Creating a sense of community

One of the most significant impacts of guerrilla gardening is the creation of a sense of community. As individuals come together to transform their surroundings, relationships are built, and a sense of belonging is fostered. These gardens become gathering spaces, where neighbors and passersby can connect and interact. By creating shared spaces, guerrilla gardening strengthens community bonds and encourages civic engagement.

Guerrilla Gardening Around the World


Guerrilla gardening has gained popularity in Europe, with numerous projects sprouting up in cities like London, Berlin, and Paris. The European Guerrilla Gardening movement focuses on transforming neglected public spaces into green havens, promoting urban biodiversity, and creating sustainable communities.

North America

Guerrilla gardening has a strong presence in North America, particularly in cities like New York, Los Angeles, and Toronto. The Green Guerrillas in New York City and Sidewalk Gardens in Los Angeles are just two examples of the numerous projects that have emerged across the continent, beautifying urban spaces and fostering community connections.


In Asia, guerrilla gardening is on the rise, driven by urbanization and the desire to create greener cities. Cities like Tokyo, Seoul, and Singapore have seen a surge in rooftop and balcony gardening projects. Guerrilla gardeners in these cities aim to bring nature back to the concrete jungles, transforming underutilized spaces into lush and vibrant gardens.


Australia has also embraced guerrilla gardening, with projects popping up in cities like Sydney and Melbourne. These projects focus on transforming underused public spaces and revitalizing neglected areas. In Australia’s urban centers, guerrilla gardeners strive to create urban oases, where residents can connect with nature and enjoy the beauty of their surroundings.

Resources for Guerrilla Gardeners

Books and websites

For those interested in learning more about guerrilla gardening, several books and websites provide valuable information and resources. Books such as “Guerrilla Gardening: A Manualfesto” by David Tracey and “How to Create a New Vegetable Garden” by Charles Dowding offer guidance and inspiration. Websites like guerrillagardening.org and guerrillagardening.org.uk provide tips, project ideas, and a platform to connect with like-minded individuals.

Local gardening clubs and organizations

Local gardening clubs and organizations can also be excellent resources for guerrilla gardeners. They often provide support, knowledge, and a sense of community. Joining these groups allows individuals to connect with experienced gardeners, participate in workshops, and find opportunities to contribute to existing projects or start new ones. Local nurseries and garden centers can provide valuable advice on plant selection and offer assistance in sourcing materials.

By participating in guerrilla gardening, you can contribute to the transformation of your surroundings, promote environmental sustainability, and foster community connections. Whether you have access to public land or a small balcony, anyone can be a guerrilla gardener and make a positive impact on their environment. So grab your gardening tools, choose the right plants, and join the movement to create greener and more vibrant cities.